BACK AND NECK PAIN

The Regenerative Spine and Joint Institute Approach

With the advent of new bio-cellular regenerative interventions (BRI), we are able to successfully treat patients with mild to advance back and neck conditions without the need for surgical interventions. Our interventions are designed to repair, regenerate, restore tissue to its normal health and function. Potentially avoiding recurrent episodes of pain, disability and further surgical interventions.

Degenerative Disc Disease (Painful disc)

What is Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease (SDDD)?

SDDD Is a chronic, progressive, degenerative condition, which is due to internal damage and degeneration of the intervertebral disc associated with pain. The Inter Vertebral Disc (IVD) consist of two essential structures: Due to the limited blood supply to the IVD, it has a limited ability to repair itself. With time, the gel like structure starts to degenerate and loses the capacity as a (shock absorber) and the disc starts to collapse gradually. The annulus (fibrous structure) develops internal cracks or tears, which can become very painful.

What are the symptoms of SDDD?

Most patients complain of pain located in the different areas such as neck, thoracic and low back. It is frequently associated with prolonged sitting, standing, bending and lifting. Occasionally, it can irritate the nerves causing pain in the extremities. Stiffness and limitations in the range of motion is seen frequently.

How is SDDD diagnosed?

A comprehensive history and physical examination is essential is evaluating patients with low back or neck pain. Additionally other test such as: X Rays, MRI and CT-Scan are commonly utilized obtain an accurate diagnosis. Because of the limitations of the above diagnostic tools in determining which disc is symptomatic, a technique called Discography is utilized. This allows us to fully evaluate the disc and design the most effective tissue engineering with Stem Cells and other Regenerative Bio-Cellular Interventions.

 

How is SDDD treated?

Conservative :Most patients (80%) respond to conservative treatments such as: physical therapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDS), lifestyle changes, acupuncture, chiropractic treatment and others. The remaining 20% will need more aggressive interventions such as epidural steroids and intra-discal steroid injections, which usually provides temporary relief.

 

The Regenerative Spine and Joint Institute Approach

In patients with symptomatic DDD we use a personalized, precise, regenerative medicine approach based on the proportionality of the conditions.

We created an advanced proprietary tissue engineering system for disc repair and regeneration called, B.E.T.R Bio-Stem Disc.

 

B.E.T.R Bio Disc

Use initially to treat patients with symptomatic DDD who are having mild to moderate symptoms and have minimal degenerative changes in the disc. It consists of injecting a combination of substances called Biologic Stimulants. Although it contains powerful growth factors , this system does not contain mesenchymal stem cells. However it can be highly successful in early DDD.
See Biologic Stimulant Therapies

 

B.E.T.R Stem Disc

This system was designed for patients who have failed the above interventions or have moderate to advanced symptomatic DDD. It consists of using a proprietary method for injecting the Intervertebral Disc with a combination of Bio-Cellular Grafts (growth factors, biologic scaffolds and mesenchymal stem cells obtained from your own bone marrow or adipose tissue). It is considered the most advanced regenerative treatment available for patients with symptomatic DDD.
See Bio-Cellular Regenerative Therapies

Herniated Discs

What is a Herniated Disc?

Herniated disc is a common condition that occurs when the fibrous structure (annulus) of the intervertebral disc, weakens allowing the gel like structure (nucleus) to protrude or slip through the disc. Herniated disc are a common finding in patients which are asymptomatic. However, in certain situations these discs become symptomatic causing neck or low back pain, and potentially impinging (pinching) a spinal nerve. This condition is frequently seen in patients with degenerative disc disease and will occur with heavy lifting or excessive physical straining. Like other degenerative spine conditions, they are usually associated with the aging process, smoking, obesity, genetic traits, environmental, traumatic and occupational factors. Herniated discs is one of the most frequent causes of back and neck pain.

 

What are the symptoms of a Herniated Disc?

According to the locations, patients usually complain of pain in the neck, thoracic, low back and is usually associated with leg (sciatica) or arm pain and numbness. Coughing, sneezing, prolonged sitting, standing, and bending aggravates the pain. It can be associated with stiffness, muscle spasm and decrease in the range of motion. In severe cases, this condition can cause severe pain, inability to walk and interfere with bowel and bowel function.

 

How is a Herniated Disc diagnosed?

A comprehensive history and physical examination is essential is evaluating patients with low back or neck pain. Additionally other test such as: X Rays, MRI and CT-Scan are commonly utilized obtain accurate diagnosis.

 

How is a painful Herniated Disc treated?

Most patients (80%) respond to conservative treatments such as: physical therapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDS), lifestyle changes, acupuncture, chiropractic treatment and others. In patients who do not respond to the above interventions, epidural steroid and selective nerve root injections are usually performed. Some patients receive significant pain relief, however in a significant number of patients, the relief if short lasting and further interventions are needed.

The Regenerative Spine and Joint Institute Approach

In patients with symptomatic Herniated Disc we use a personalized, precise, regenerative medicine approach based on the proportionality of the conditions. We created an advanced proprietary tissue engineering system for disc repair and regeneration called, B.E.T.R Bio-Stem Disc.

B.E.T.R Bio Disc

In patients with symptomatic Herniated Disc we use a personalized, precise, regenerative medicine approach based on the proportionality of the conditions. We created an advanced proprietary tissue engineering system for disc repair and regeneration called, B.E.T.R Bio-Stem Disc.

B.E.T.R Stem Disc

This system was designed for patients who have failed the above interventions or have moderate to advanced symptomatic DDD. It consists of using a proprietary method for injecting the Intervertebral Disc with a combination of Bio-Cellular Grafts (growth factors, biologic scaffolds and mesenchymal stem cells obtained from your own bone marrow or adipose tissue). It is considered the most advanced regenerative treatment available for patients with symptomatic DDD.
See Bio-Cellular Regenerative Therapies

 

Minimally Invasive Disc Decompression

Some patients with moderate to large symptomatic disc herniation|‘s are not candidates or have not responded to the above interventions. These patients frequently need a minimally invasive procedure, which usually takes 5 minutes, is performed percutaneously (very small incision), and under fluoroscopic guidance (live X ray). The procedure removes a small amount of disease gel from the disc in order to relive the pressure on the nerve or ligaments. Afterwards, the B.E.T.R Bio-Stem Disc treatment is usually performed to enhance tissue healing and prevent the further ensuing accelerated disc degeneration.

See Percutaneous Disc Decompression-Dekompressor

Pinched Nerve (Sciatica)

What is a Pinched Nerve?

A Pinched Nerve is a term used to describe pain in a spinal nerve which occurs when the nerve is irritated, compressed, or damaged in the spinal canal. Pinched nerves can also happen in the neck, causing arm pain and numbness. There are multiple conditions associated with nerve pain such as: a leaky disc, herniated disc, narrowing of the spinal canal, trauma, viral or infections diseases, trauma, bone spurs and nutritional deficiency and others. Like other degenerative spine conditions, they are usually associated with the aging process, smoking, obesity, and genetic traits, environmental, traumatic and occupational factors.

 

What are the symptoms of a Pinched Nerve?

Pain from a pinched or irritated nerve usually follows the distribution of the specific nerve according to its location in the spinal cord. Symptoms vary from the neck, arm and hand to the low back area, buttocks, calf, leg or foot. It is frequently associated with a sharp shooting pain, burning sensation and numbness. Associated weakness and loss of function is common. Certain movements, activities and body position can aggravate the pain.

 

How is a Pinched Nerve diagnosed?

A comprehensive history and physical examination is essential is evaluating patients with low back or neck pain. Additionally other test such as: X Rays, EMG, MRI and CT-Scan are commonly utilized obtain accurate diagnosis. Sometimes, additional diagnostic interventions are necessary in patients with non-specific imaging and clinical exam.
See See Pain Mapping, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injections

 

How is a Pinched Nerve treated?

Conservative : Most episodes of radicular symptoms (sciatica) are self-limiting and usually resolved within 8 weeks. Over more than (80%) respond to conservative treatments such as: physical therapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDS), lifestyle changes, acupuncture, chiropractic treatment and others.

In patients who do not respond to the above conservative therapies, a more advanced interventional approach is needed.

The Regenerative Spine and Joint Institute Approach

In patients with symptomatic pinched nerves we use a personalized, precise, regenerative medicine approach based on the proportionality of the conditions. We created an advanced proprietary tissue engineering system for nerve repair and regeneration called
B.E.T.R Bio-Stem Nerve.

 

B.E.T.R Bio Nerve

Use initially to treat patients with painful pinched or damaged nerves who are having mild to moderate symptoms and have minimal degenerative changes. It consists of injecting a combination of substances called Biologic Stimulants. Although it contains powerful growth factors and anti-inflammatories, this system does not contain mesenchymal stem cells. However it can be highly successful in early symptomatic pinched or damaged nerve. It consists injecting Biologic stimulants utilizing with Epidural Steroid Injections and Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injections.
see Bio-Cellular Regenerative Therapies.

 

B.E.T.R Stem Nerve

This system was designed for patients who have failed the above interventions or have moderate to advanced nerve damage. It consists of using a proprietary method for injecting the pinched or damaged nerve with a combination of Bio-Cellular Grafts (growth factors, biologic scaffolds and mesenchymal stem cells obtained from your own bone marrow or adipose tissue). It is considered the most advanced regenerative treatment available for patients with painful pinched or damaged nerves.

See Biologic Stimulant Therapies

 

Minimally Invasive Disc Decompression

Some patients with persistent pinched nerves due to disc herniation’s are not candidates or have not responded to the above interventions. These patients frequently need a minimally invasive procedure, which usually takes 5 minutes, is performed percutaneously (very small incision), and under fluoroscopic guidance (live X ray). The procedure removes a small amount of disease gel from the disc in order to relive the pressure on the nerve or ligaments. Afterwards, the B.E.T.R Stem Nerve and Stem Disc treatments are usually performed.

See Percutaneous Disc Decompression-Dekompressor

  • Neuro- Surgical Interventions are indicated in patients with severe anatomical abnormalities and have failed non-operative interventions.
  • Spinal Cord Stimulation is indicated in patients that failed bio-cellular therapies, surgical interventions or patients which are not surgical candidates.

Facet Arthritis

What is Facet Arthritis?

Facets are small joints located in the posterior aspect of the vertebras and act as a bridge to the vertebral level above and below, controlling your spine stability and mobility. Like any other joint in your body, they are subjected to wear and tear, ultimately becoming symptomatic. Degenerative changes in the facets joints are frequent findings in patients with other back-related conditions such as degenerative disc disease, herniated disc and scoliosis. Like other degenerative spine conditions, they are usually associated with the aging process, smoking, obesity, genetic, environmental, traumatic and occupational factors. Facet joint pathology is responsible for up to 40% of all patients with persistent low back and neck pain.

 

What are the symptoms of Facet Arthritis?

Patient usually complains of pain in the low back, thoracic or posterior neck area associated with certain movements or activities. It can be associated with stiffness, muscle spasm and decrease in the range of motion. If some patients, advance degeneration can be associated with deformity and bone spurs, irritating the spinal nerves.

 

How is Facet Arthritis diagnosed?

A comprehensive history and physical examination is essential is evaluating patients with low back or neck pain. Additionally other test such as: X Rays, MRI, CT-Scan and Sonography are commonly utilized obtain an accurate diagnosis. The gold standard in diagnosing the facet joint arthritis as pain generators is dagnostic Facet Joint Injections. This is a procedure in which a local anesthetic is injected in the facet joints and the patients are evaluated in the immediate 4 hours post procedure. If the facet joints are a significant pain generator, the pain should subside significantly during this time.

 

How is Facet Arthritis treated?

Conservative: Once an accurate diagnosis is achieved, the most important aspect of the treatment consists of addressing the underlying factors associated with facet degeneration. Most patients can be treated successfully with physical therapy, NSAIDS (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), acupuncture, chiropractic care and lifestyle changes (nutrition, weight reduction, smoke cessation, core stabilization, biomechanical correction).

 

The Regenerative Spine and Joint Institute Approach

In patients with facet joint arthritis we use a personalized, precise, regenerative medicine approach based on the proportionality of the conditions. We created an advanced proprietary tissue engineering system for joints repair and regeneration called, B.E.T.R Bio-Stem Facets.

 

B.E.T.R Bio Facets

Is the preferred intervention in patients with painful and arthritic facets joints who are having mild to moderate symptoms and have minimal degenerative changes. It consists of injecting a combination of substances called Biologic Stimulants. Although it contains powerful growth factors and anti-inflammatories, this system does not contain mesenchymal stem cells. However it can be highly successful in early symptomatic facet joint arthritis.
It consists injecting Biologic stimulants utilizing with Facet Joint Injections
See Biologic Stimulant Therapies

 

B.E.T.R Stem Facet

This system was designed for patients who have failed the above interventions or have moderate to advanced facet arthritis. It consists of using a proprietary method for injecting the arthritic or damaged facets with a combination of Bio-Cellular Grafts (growth factors, biologic scaffolds and mesenchymal stem cells obtained from your own bone marrow or adipose tissue). It is considered the most advanced regenerative treatment available for patients with painful pinched or damaged nerves.
See Bio-Cellular Regenerative Therapies

Facet Rhizotomy is a procedure in which a lesion in created in the nerve that supplies sensation and pain perception to the facets. By utilizing radiofrequency waves, it had heat and lesion a nerve for 4-6 months.

Myofascial Pain Syndrome (Trigger Points)

What is a Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS)?

Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a term used to describe pain in a muscle or muscle groups and it’s surrounding structures (fascia). The injury starts as a muscle strain and can progress to a localized area of poor blood supply, ultimately preventing the muscle from working properly. These areas are called trigger points that feel like taught bands or knots in the muscle. Repetitive motions, excessive use, and poor body posture and nerve irritation often cause MPS.

 

What are the symptoms of MPS?

Patients usually present with pain where the tender or trigger points are located or in a different area (referred). It is usually associated with an aching, burning sensation during and after activity. Frequently presents in people with other conditions such as anxiety-depression, fatigue, previous surgery and others.

 

How is MPS diagnosed?

A comprehensive history and physical examination is essential is evaluating patients with MPS. Physical exam usually reveal localized tenderness and muscle taught bands, associated with pain on palpation with reproduction of pain in the usual location. In severe cases, there may be significant restriction of the normal range of motion and possibly muscle enlargement and contraction. Diagnostic ultrasonography is the most accurate evaluation tools in achieving a precise diagnosis.

 

How is MPS treated?

Once an accurate diagnosis is achieved, the most important aspect of the treatment consists of addressing the underlying factors associated with myofascial pain syndrome. Most patients can be treated successfully with physical therapy, NSAIDS (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), acupuncture, chiropractic care and lifestyle changes (nutrition, weight reduction, smoke cessation, core stabilization, etc).

 

The Regenerative Spine and Joint Institute Approach

In patients with symptomatic pinched nerves we use a personalized, precise, regenerative medicine approach based on the proportionality of the conditions. We created an advanced proprietary tissue engineering system for muscle repair and regeneration called, B.E.T.R Bio-Stem Muscle.

 

B.E.T.R Bio Muscle

Used initially to treat patients with MPS who are having mild to moderate symptoms and have minimal degenerative changes. It consists of injecting a combination of substances called Biologic Stimulants. Although it contains powerful growth factors and anti-inflammatories, this system does not contain mesenchymal stem cells. However it can be highly successful in early symptomatic or damaged muscle. It consists injecting Biologic stimulants utilizing through Trigger Point Injections.

See Biologic Stimulant Therapies

 

B.E.T.R Stem Muscle

This system was designed for patients who have failed the above interventions or have moderate to advanced muscle damage. It consists of using a proprietary method for injecting the damaged muscle with a combination of Bio-Cellular Grafts (growth factors, biologic scaffolds and mesenchymal stem cells obtained from your own bone marrow or adipose tissue). It is considered the most advanced regenerative treatment available for patients with painful pinched or damaged muscles

See See Bio-Cellular Regenerative Therapies

Ligament Pain (Sprains and tears)

What is a ligament?

Neck and low back pain due to ligament injury remains the most under diagnosed cause of low back pain in musculoskeletal medicine. Ligaments are fibrous structures that connect bone to bone and are essential in maintaining the integrity of the spinal column. A sprain is the term use to describe an injured ligament injury. When a ligament becomes injured, according to the degree and severity (small tear or complete rupture), pain along with biomechanical dysfunction ensues. This can create spine instability and trigger significant degenerative changes in adjacent and distant disc, nerve and joints. Unrecognized ligament sprains in the low back and neck area, is one of the most common causes of unnecessary spine surgery and failed spine surgery syndrome.

Like many other painful spine conditions, they are usually associated with the aging process, smoking, obesity, and genetic, environmental, traumatic and occupational factors. Trauma, heavy lifting, extreme physical exertion and poor posture are the most common causes of ligament injury.

 

What are the symptoms of Ligament Sprains/Tears?

Pain due to ligament injury or degeneration is similar to the pain associated with other conditions such as facet syndrome, herniated disc, myofascial pain syndrome and sacroiliac dysfunction. Mostly associated with pain and stiffness in the back, buttocks or thighs. Worse on bending or prolonged sitting and standing.

 

How are Ligament Sprains and Tears diagnosed?

Because of the non-specific nature of low back pain due to ligament injury, it remains one of the most difficult types of pain to accurately diagnose. It is frequently called the (great masquerader). It is usually consider a diagnosis of exclusion, meaning, if other causes of neck and low back pain (such as discs, joints, nerves) have been excluded, then attention is given to the ligaments. X Rays, CT Scans and MRI are not usually adequate in diagnosis ligament injury in the neck and low back area.

With the advent of diagnostic ultrasnonography (Sonography), injection of local anesthetic into specific ligaments can accurately diagnose pain due to ligament injury. It is important to know that ligament pain is frequently present with other types of injured or degenerative conditions of the spine.

 

How are Ligament Sprains and Tears treated?

Conservative: Once an accurate diagnosis is achieved, the most important aspect of the treatment consists of addressing the underlying factors associated with the type of injury or degeneration. Most patients can be treated successfully with physical therapy, NSAIDS (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), acupuncture, chiropractic care and lifestyle changes (nutrition, weight reduction, smoke cessation, core stabilization, etc). In some cases or chronic injury, combinations of physical therapy, low level laser therapy (LLLT) and massage are needed.

With the advent of diagnostic ultrasnonography (Sonography), injection of local anesthetic into specific ligaments can accurately diagnose pain due to ligament injury. It is important to know that ligament pain is frequently present with other types of injured or degenerative conditions of the spine.

 

The Regenerative Spine and Joint Institute Approach

In patients with facet joint arthritis we use a personalized, precise, regenerative medicine approach based on the proportionality of the conditions. We created an advanced proprietary tissue engineering system for joints repair and regeneration called, B.E.T.R Bio-Stem Joints.

 

B.E.T.R Bio Ligament

Is the preferred intervention in patients with painful and damaged ligaments who are having mild to moderate symptoms and have minimal degenerative changes. It consists of injecting a combination of substances called Biologic Stimulants. Although it contains powerful growth factors and anti-inflammatories, this system does not contain mesenchymal stem cells. However it can be highly successful in early symptomatic facet joint arthritis.

See Biologic Stimulant Therapies

 

B.E.T.R Stem Ligament

This system was designed for patients who have failed the above interventions or have moderate to ligament degeneration or injury. It consists of using a proprietary method for injecting the damaged ligaments with a combination of Bio-Cellular Grafts (growth factors, biologic scaffolds and mesenchymal stem cells obtained from your own bone marrow or adipose tissue). It is considered the most advanced regenerative treatment available for patients with painful damaged ligaments

See Bio-Cellular Regenerative Therapies

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SJD)

What is a ligament?

The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is the part of your lower back made up of the sacrum (the bony structure above your tailbone and below your lower vertebrae) and the top part (iliac) of your pelvis. It is the part of the low back just behind your waist. You have right and left sacroiliac joints. Ligaments hold these bones in place. SIJ is a common occurrence in patients with low back pain. It is traditionally present in women and can be related trauma during childbirth. Other causes are arthritis (traumatic, osteoarthritis, autoimmune, septic), ligament sprain, poor posture, leg discrepancy, heavy lifting, sports related and others.

 

What are the symptoms of SJD?

Like many other spine related conditions, due to SIJ injury or degeneration is similar to the pain associated with other conditions such as facet syndrome herniated disc, and myofascial pain syndrome and ligament injury. Pain is usually present in the low back area around the upper buttock and can radiate to the thighs and legs. Stiffness, pain on twisting motions, prolonged sitting or standing and a feeling of being out of alignment is usually present.

 

Who is SJD diagnosed?

Because of the non-specific nature of low back pain due to sacroliac joint injury, it remains one of the most difficult types of pain to accurately diagnose. It is frequently called the (great masquerader). It is usually consider a diagnosis of exclusion, meaning, if other causes of low back pain (such as discs, joints, nerves) have been excluded, then attention is given to the ligaments. X Rays, CT Scans and MRI are usually obtained to diagnose other sources of pain. The most accurate diagnostic interventions are injecting a solution of local anesthetics into the posterior joint and ligaments. With the advent of diagnostic ultrasnonography (Sonography) evaluation of the ligaments, as well as the posterior aspect of the joint have increased our ability to properly diagnose and treat SIJ pain.

 

How is SJD treated?

Conservative: Once an accurate diagnosis is achieved, the most important aspect of the treatment consists of addressing the underlying factors associated with SIJ injury or degeneration. Most patients can be treated successfully with physical therapy, NSAIDS (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), acupuncture, chiropractic care and lifestyle changes (nutrition, weight reduction, smoke cessation, core stabilization, etc). In some cases or chronic injury, combinations of physical therapy, low level laser therapy (LLLT) and massage are needed.

 

The Regenerative Spine and Joint Institute Approach

In patients with symptomatic pinched nerves we use a personalized, precise, regenerative medicine approach based on the proportionality of the conditions. We created an advanced proprietary tissue engineering system for ligament and joint repair B.E.T.R Bio-Stem Joint.

 

B.E.T.R Bio Joint

Used initially to treat patients with SJD who are having mild to moderate symptoms and have minimal degenerative changes. It consists of injecting a combination of substances called Biologic Stimulants. Although it contains powerful growth factors and anti-inflammatories, this system does not contain mesenchymal stem cells. However it can be highly successful in early symptomatic or damaged sacroiliac joint complex

See Biologic Stimulant Therapies

 

B.E.T.R Stem Joint

This system was designed for patients who have failed the above interventions or have moderate to advanced muscle damage. It consists of using a proprietary method for injecting the damaged ligaments and sacroiliac joint with a combination of Bio-Cellular Grafts (growth factors, biologic scaffolds and mesenchymal stem cells obtained from your own bone marrow or adipose tissue). It is considered the most advanced regenerative treatment available for patients with painful sacroiliac complex dysfunction.

See Bio-Cellular Regenerative Therapies

Vertebral Compression Fractures

What is a Vertebral Compression Fractures (VCF)?

Compression fractures occur when the vertebrae collapse, decreasing the space between them by 15-20%. This compression causes chronic back pain, loss of height (this is why many older people seem to shrink as they age), deformity (called kyphosis but often called a “dowager’s hump” or “humpback”), and, in severe cases, neurological symptoms such as numbness, tingling, or weakness. If there are multiple compression fractures along the vertebral column (as is common) difficulty walking and a loss of balance is common. This leaves people with an increased risk of falling and breaking other bones, such as hips.

One of the major causes of VCF is fragile bones or osteoporosis , but it can be associated with trauma, cancer or heavy lifting.

 

What are the symptoms associated with VCF?

New onset of significant pain localized over the thoracic or low back area, usually overlying the fractures. It can be associated with chest pain or leg pain and weakness. If untreated the pain can last for months.

 

How are VCF diagnosed?

Compression fractures are often diagnosed only after a person seeks medical attention either for pain relief or after a fall. However, many compression fractures go undiagnosed and their symptoms are attributed to being an inevitable part of aging.

After a careful history and physical exam, an X ray of the painful area is initially taken, Frequently an MRI or CT Scan is often needed to establish whether the fracture is new or chronic. Also the MRI reveal detailed information about the potential compression of the spinal cord.

 

How are VCF treated?

Conservative treatment for compression fractures include pain medications, bed rest, bracing or, in very severe cases, surgery. Today there are two promising therapeutic and preventive treatments for compression fractures called Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. These procedures utilize orthopedic cement, which is injected into the space between the vertebrae. The cement hardens and returns the vertebral space to its original height. This procedure can restore height, relieve pain and strengthen other vertebral bodies that are weakened but not yet fractured, thus preventing future problems.

 

Prevention of Compression Fractures

Preventing osteoporosis is key to preventing compression fractures. Prevention efforts should begin early with eating a well-balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, exercising daily, and making healthy lifestyle choices like not smoking. In people for whom osteoporosis is already a problem, there are medications that can help increase bone density and strength. For these people, a healthy diet and exercise is also very important.

See Kyphoplasty/Vertebroplasty